An intelligent ballistocardiographic chair using a novel SF-ART neural network and biorthogonal wavelets

Author(s): Akhbardeh, A. | Junnila, S. | Koivistoinen, T. | Varri, A. |

Year: 2007

Citation: JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SYSTEMS Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-77

Abstract: This paper presents a comparative analysis of novel supervised fuzzy adaptive resonance theory (SF-ART), multilayer perceptron (MLP) and Multi Layer Perceptrons (MLP) neural networks over Ballistocardiogram (BCG) signal recognition. To extract essential features of the BCG signal, we applied Biorthogonal wavelets. SF-ART performs classification on two levels. At first level, pre-classifier which is self-organized fuzzy ART tuned for fast learning classifies the input data roughly to arbitrary (M) classes. At the second level, post-classification level, a special array called Affine Look- up Table (ALT) with M elements stores the labels of corresponding input samples in the address equal to the index of fuzzy ART winner. However, in running (testing) mode, the content of an ALT cell with address equal to the index of fuzzy ART winner output will be read. The read value declares the final class that input data belongs to. In this paper, we used two well-known patterns (IRIS and Vowel data) and a medical application (Ballistocardiogram data) to evaluate and check SF-ART stability, reliability, learning speed and computational load. Initial tests with BCG from six subjects (both healthy and unhealthy people) indicate that the SF-ART is capable to perform with a high classification performance, high learning speed (elapsed time for learning around half second), and very low computational load compared to the well-known neural networks such as MLP which needs minutes to learn the training material. Moreover, to extract essential features of the BCG signal, we applied Biorthogonal wavelets. The applied wavelet transform requires no prior knowledge of the statistical distribution of data samples.

Topics: Machine Learning, Applications: Medical Diagnosis, Models: ART 2 / Fuzzy ART, Fuzzy ARTMAP,

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