Author(s): Bartfai, G. |
Citation: NEURAL NETWORKS Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 295-308
Abstract: This article analyses the match tracking anomaly (MTA) of the ARTMAP neural network. The anomaly arises when an input pattern exactly matches its category prototype that the network has previously learned, and the network generates a prediction (through a previously learned associative link) that contradicts the output category that was selected upon presentation of the corresponding target output. Carpenter et al. claimed that such an anomalous situation will never arise if the (binary) input vectors have the same number of 1s (Carpenter et al., 1991, Neural Networks, 4, 565-588).
This paper shows that such situations can in fact occur. The timing according to which inputs are presented to the network in each learning trial is crucial. if the target output is presented to the network before the corresponding input pattern, certain pattern sequences will lead the network to the MTA. Two kinds of MTA are distinguished: one that is independent of the choice parameter (beta) of the ART(b) module, and another that is nor. Results of experiments that were carried out on a machine learning database demonstrate the existence of the match tracking anomaly as well as support the analytical results presented here.