Citation: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.39, no.9, 1969-1977
Abstract: Neural network classifiers have been shown to provide supervised classification results that significantly improve on traditional classification algorithms such as the Bayesian (maximum likelihood [ML]) classifier. While the predominant neural network architecture has been the feedforward multilayer perceptron known as backpropagation. Adaptive resonance theory (ART) neural networks offer advantages to the classification of optical remote sensing data for vegetation and land cover mapping. A significant advantage is that it does not require prior specification of the neural net structure, creating as many internal nodes as are needed to represent the calibration (training) data. The Gaussian ARTMAP classification algorithm bases the probability that input training samples belong to specific classes on the parameters of its Gaussian distributions: the means, standard deviations, and a priori probabilities. The performance of the Gaussian ARTMAP classification algorithm in terms of classification accuracy using independent validation data indicated was over 70% accurate when applied to an annual series of monthly 1-km advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) satellite normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. The accuracies were comparable to those of fuzzy ARTMAP and a univariate decision tree, and significantly higher than a Bayesian classification algorithm. Algorithm testing is based on calibration and validation data developed and applied to Central America to map the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) land cover classification system.