An Integrated SOM-Fuzzy ARTMAP Neural System for the Evaluation of Toxicity

Author(s): Arenas, A. | Espinosa, G. | Giralt, F. |

Year: 2002

Citation: J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 42, 343-359.

Abstract: Self-organized maps (SOM) have been applied to analyze the similarities of chemical compounds and to select from a given pool of descriptors the smallest and more relevant subset needed to build robust QSAR models based on fuzzy ARTMAP. First, the category maps for each molecular descriptor and for the target activity variable were created with SOM and then classified on the basis of topology and nonlinear distribution. The best subset of descriptors was obtained by choosing from each cluster the index with the highest correlation with the target variable and then in order of decreasing correlation. This process was terminated when a dissimilarity measure increased, indicating that the inclusion of more molecular indices would not add supplementary information. The optimal subset of descriptors was used as input to a fuzzy ARTMAP architecture modified to effect predictive capabilities. The performance of the integrated SOM-fuzzy ARTMAP approach was evaluated with the prediction of the acute toxicity LC50 of a homogeneous set of 69 benzene derivatives in the fathead minnow and the oral rat toxicity LD50 of a heterogeneous set of 155 organic compounds. The proposed methodology minimized the problem of misclassification of similar compounds and significantly enhanced the predictive capabilities of a properly trained fuzzy ARTMAP network.

Topics: Machine Learning, Applications: Chemical Analysis, Models: Fuzzy ARTMAP, Modified ART, Self Organizing Maps,

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