ART-2 and multiscale ART-2 for on-line process fault detection validation via industrial case study

Author(s): Aradhye H.B. | Bakshi B.R. | Davis J.F. |

Year: 2002

Citation: Annual Reviews in Control, 26, 113-127.

Abstract: Data from most industrial processes contain contributions at multiple scales in time and frequency. In contrast, most existing methods for fault detection are best for detecting events at only one scale. This paper provides experimental validation and insight into a new method of process fault detection based on the integration of multiscale signal representation and scale-specific clustering-based diagnosis. The multiscale ART-2 (MSART-2) algorithm models normal process operation as clusters of wavelet coefficients at different scales. It detects a process change when one or more wavelet coefficients of test data violate similarity thresholds with respect to clusters of normal data at that scale. Especially in industrial situations where the nature of the abnormal features is not known a priori, MSART provides better average performance due to its ability to adapt to the scale of the features. In contrast to most other multiresolution schemes, this framework exploits clustering behavior of wavelet coefficients of multiple variables for the purpose of scale selection and feature extraction. Detailed performance comparisons, based on rigorous Monte-Carlo simulations as well as industrial data from a large scale petrochemical process,are provided. Our results show that MSART-2 significantly improves the detection performance of the ART-2 detection algorithm over a broad range of process anomalies. Results are compared with single-scale and multiscale versions of PCA for benchmarking purposes.

Topics: Machine Learning, Models: ART 2 / Fuzzy ART, Modified ART,

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