Pattern formation, contrast control, and oscillations in the short-term memory of shunting on-center off-surround networks

Author(s): Grossberg, S. | Ellias, S.A. |

Year: 1975

Citation: Biological Cybernetics, 20, 69-98

Abstract: The transformation of spatial patterns and their storage in short term memory by shunting neural networks are studied herein. Various mechanisms are described for real-time regulation of the amount of contrast with which a pattern will be stored. Parametric studies are described for the amount of contrast in the network responses to patterns presented at variable background or overall activity levels. Mechanisms for removing spurious peak splits and other disinhibitory responses are described. Furman s (1965) results on processing of patterns by shunting networks are generalized and reanalysed. Periodic responses (stable and unstable) corresponding to the time scale of slow cortical waves can be generated if a tonic input is set between two threshold activity levels. Their frequency as a function of tonic input size is unimodal. Order-preserving limit cycles are never found in STM; hence sustained slow oscillations as a mechanism for storing a pattern in STM are ruled out in favor of steady states (i.e., fast oscillations) with spatially graded activity levels. Such slow oscillations can, nonetheless, continuously retune the network s responsiveness to the patterns that perturb it.

Topics: Mathematical Foundations of Neural Networks, Models: Other,

PDF download

Cross References