An Adaptive Resonance Theory neural network which builds on ART 2 by simulating rudimentary neurotransmitter regulation of synaptic activity by incorporating simulated sodium (Na+) and calcium (Ca2+) ion concentrations into the systemís equations.

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Retrograde adaptive resonance theory based on the role of nitric oxide in long-term potentiation
Abstract Adaptive resonance theory (ART) demonstrates how the brain learns to recognize and categorize vast amounts of information by using top-down expectations and attentional focusing. ART 3, one member of the ART family, embeds ...

ART 3: Hierarchical search using chemical transmitters in self-organizing pattern recognition architectures
Abstract A model to implement parallel search of compressed or distributed pattern recognition codes in a neural network hierarchy is introduced. The search process functions well with either fast learning or slow learning, and can ...